Certification Standards

The AFPDA has developed the following minimum standards and certifications for the production of firewood to help insure against infectants such as insects, molds, mildews, and pathogens. This page contains an overview of the standards we set forth and help enforce.


GOLD STANDARD

The Gold Standard requires kiln-drying to a temperature of at least 160 degrees Fahrenheit at the core for a minimum of 90 minutes. This standard exceeds the International Standards for Phytosanitary Measures (IPSM 15), and the Final Rule for the production, treatment, distribution, transport, storage, and final sale of all firewood and forest products.

Only firewood that meets or exceeds this production standard may carry the AFPDA GOLD STANDARD CERTIFICATION.





SILVER STANDARD

The Silver Standard requires kiln-drying to a temperature of at least 160 degrees Fahrenheit at the core for a minimum of 75 minutes.  This standard exceeds the USDA APHIS Quarantine  Standards for the production, treatment, distribution, transport, storage, and final sale of all firewood and forest products, and meets the specific standards specified by the states of New York, Florida, and New Hampshire.

Only firewood that meets or exceeds this production standard may carry the AFPDA SILVER STANDARD CERTIFICATION.




BRONZE STANDARD

The Bronze Standard requires heat treating to a temperature of 140 degrees Fahrenheit at the core for a minimum of 60 minutes. This standard meets the USDA APHIS Quarantine  Standards for the production, treatment, distribution, transport, storage, and final sale of all firewood and forest products. Only firewood that meets or exceeds this production standard may carry the AFPDA BRONZE STANDARD CERTIFICATION. (NOTE: The Bronze Certification Standard does not ensure that the product will be mold and mildew free.)




All AFPDA certification standards raise the internal temperature of wood in the kiln to a temperature adequate to kill pests, and/or hold it there long enough to be effective for that objective.  The heat treating standard we apply for firewood is consistent with USDA APHIS Emerald Ash Borer Quarantine Standards and International Trade Standards for firewood and solid wood packaging materials.